The Final Solution

The Final Solution
Author: David Cesarani
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2002-09-11
Genre: History
ISBN: 113474420X

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The Final Solution clarifies the key questions surrounding the attempt by the Nazis to exterminate the Jews. Drawing on important new research, these authoritative essays focus on the preconditions and antecedents for the 'Final Solution' and examine the immediate origins of the genocidal decision. Contributors also examine the responses of peoples and governments in Germany, occupied Europe, the USA and among Jews worldwide. The controversial conversions of this study challenge many of our accepted ideas about the period.

Hitler and the Final Solution

Hitler and the Final Solution
Author: Gerald Fleming
Publsiher: Univ of California Press
Total Pages: 295
Release: 1987-02-11
Genre: History
ISBN: 0520060229

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Pp. vii-xxxiii contain Friedländer's introduction, which did not appear in the original German edition.

The Final Solution

The Final Solution
Author: Donald Bloxham
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 423
Release: 2009
Genre: History
ISBN: 0199550344

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The Holocaust is frequently depicted in isolation by its historians. Some of them believe that to place it in any kind of comparative context risks diminishing its uniqueness and even detracts from the enormity of the Nazi crime. In reality, such a restricted understanding of "uniqueness" has pulled the Holocaust apart from history and set up barriers to a better understanding of the racial onslaught unleashed within the Third Reich and its conquered territories. Working against the grain of much earlier writing, this innovative new history combines a detailed re-appraisal of the development of the genocide of the Jews, a full consideration of Nazi policies against other population groups, and a comparative analysis of other modern genocides. The Holocaust is portrayed as the culmination of a much wider history of European genocide and ethnic cleansing, from the late nineteenth century onwards. Ultimately, Bloxham shows that an explanation for the Holocaust rooted exclusively in Nazism and anti-Semitism is inadequate when set against one that is both prepared to give due weight to the immediate circumstances of the Second World War in eastern Europe and to situate the Jewish genocide within the broader patterns of human behavior in the late-modern world.

Wannsee

Wannsee
Author: Peter Longerich
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 185
Release: 2021-10-14
Genre: History
ISBN: 0192570757

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The complete story of the Wannsee Conference, the meeting that paved the way for the Holocaust. On 20 January 1942, fifteen men arrived for a meeting in a luxurious villa on the shores of the Wannsee in the far-western outskirts of Berlin. They came at the invitation of Reinhard Heydrich and were almost all high-ranking Nazi Party, government, and SS officials. The exquisite position by the lake, the imposing driveway up to the villa, culminating in a generously sized roundabout in front of the house, the expansive, carefully landscaped park, the generous suite of rooms that opened on to the park and the lake, the three-level terrace that stretched the entire garden side of the house, and the winter garden with its marble fountain, all give today's visitor to the villa a good idea of its owner's aspiration to build a sophisticated, almost palatial structure as a testament to his cultivation and worldly success. But the beauty of the situation stood in stark contrast to the purpose of the meeting to which the fifteen had come in January 1942: the 'Final Solution of the Jewish Question'. According to the surviving records of the meeting, items on the agenda included the precise definition of exactly which group of people was to be affected, followed by a discussion of how upwards of eleven million people were to be deported and subjected to the toughest form of forced labour, and following on from this a discussion of how the survivors of this forced labour as well as those not capable of it were ultimately to be killed. The next item on the agenda was breakfast.

The Final Solution is Life

The  Final Solution  is Life
Author: Chana Rubin
Publsiher:
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2000
Genre: Hasidim
ISBN:

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Memoirs of Rubin, who relates her own experiences in the Holocaust as well as those of her husband and other members of their hasidic family. Rubin (nee Teitelbaum-Horowitz) was born in the 1920s in Sighet and raised in Szollos, Ruthenia (now Vinohradiv, Ukraine). In June 1944, soon after her marriage, she and her family were deported to Auschwitz. Her father was murdered in 1941 in a massacre at Kamenetz-Podolsk; her mother was gassed on arrival at Auschwitz. Rubin was sent for a short time to the Krotingen labor camp, near Riga, and then to Stutthof. She was taken on a death march, during which she was liberated. She was reunited after the war with her husband, Rabbi Menachem Rubin, who survived Auschwitz working in an armaments factory and was later injured at Ebensee. Like other members of his family, he took great risks to observe religious practices. His two brothers and a sister also survived. Chana Rubin's uncle, Rabbi Yoel Teitelbaum (the Satmar Rebbe), and his wife Feige, were saved by Rudolf Kasztner.

The Origins of Nazi Genocide

The Origins of Nazi Genocide
Author: Henry Friedlander
Publsiher: Univ of North Carolina Press
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2000-11-09
Genre: History
ISBN: 080786160X

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Tracing the rise of racist and eugenic ideologies, Henry Friedlander explores in chilling detail how the Nazi program of secretly exterminating the handicapped and disabled evolved into the systematic destruction of Jews and Gypsies. He describes how the so-called euthanasia of the handicapped provided a practical model for the later mass murder, thereby initiating the Holocaust. The Nazi regime pursued the extermination of Jews, Gypsies, and the handicapped based on a belief in the biological, and thus absolute, inferiority of those groups. To document the connection between the assault on the handicapped and the Final Solution, Friedlander shows how the legal restrictions and exclusionary policies of the 1930s, including mass sterilization, led to mass murder during the war. He also makes clear that the killing centers where the handicapped were gassed and cremated served as the models for the extermination camps. Based on extensive archival research, the book also analyzes the involvement of the German bureaucracy and judiciary, the participation of physicians and scientists, and the nature of popular opposition.

The Origins of the Final Solution

The Origins of the Final Solution
Author: Christopher R. Browning
Publsiher: U of Nebraska Press
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2004
Genre: History
ISBN:

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In 1939, the Nazi regime's plans for redrawing the demographic map of Eastern Europe entailed the expulsion of millions of Jews. By the fall of 1941, these plans had shifted from expulsion to systematic and total mass murder of all Jews within the Nazi grasp. This book is the most detailed and comprehensive analysis ever written of what took place during this crucial period--of how, precisely, the Nazis' racial policies evolved from persecution and "ethnic cleansing" to the Final Solution of the Holocaust. Meticulously documenting the process that led to this fatal development, Browning shows that Adolf Hitler was the key decision-maker throughout, approving major escalations in Nazi persecution of the Jews at victory-induced moments of euphoria.

The Architect of Genocide Himmler and the Final Solution

The Architect of Genocide  Himmler and the Final Solution
Author: Richard Breitman
Publsiher: Plunkett Lake Press
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2022-09-05
Genre: History
ISBN:

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“[A] historian’s carefully researched work, based on a vast array of sources, documenting Hitler’s and Himmler’s responsibility for the murder of European Jewry. The book details the planning and the improvisations, but emphasizes the former and Himmler’s fanatical hatred of the Jewish race as the determinative cause of the Holocaust. Dealing with a charged controversy, Breitman makes a powerful case that by March 1941 ‘the Final Solution was just a matter of time — and timing,’ i.e., that the Holocaust was not a reflex of Hitler’s fear that the war in Russia could not be won. Breitman argues that the Wannsee Conference merely ratified the plans and instructed other agencies to cooperate. Breitman records the instances of resistance or opposition, but notes that of course the cooperation of thousands (many still alive and never tried) and the complicity or silence of millions were needed to carry out the murder... the book concludes that Himmler’s ‘brutality was more learned than instinctive or emotional’ — a methodical murderer impelled by racist dogma.” — Foreign Affairs “Breitman’s book is decisively important... [It] should serve for years to come as required reading for all who wish to make sense of the Holocaust.” — Daniel Jonah Goldhagen, The New Republic “Looking nothing like the Nordic ideal he advocated, Heinrich Himmler, chief of the Nazi SS, was short, flabby and balding — his dull, pedantic exterior disguising the caustic, cowardly, Machiavellian, immensely cruel master of deceit within. Breitman... presents compelling evidence that the extermination of Jews was an early goal of Himmler, a Bavarian and lapsed Catholic, and his boss Adolf Hitler. Drawing on previously untapped German records, as well as other source materials... this engrossing, detailed study constitutes a powerful refutation of revisionist scholars who claim that Hitler did not plan the Final Solution in advance but instead improvised it out of either military or political frustration.” — Publishers Weekly “A truly path-breaking book, one of the few that will have a lasting impact on historical research of the period. It shows both the primacy of Hitler as the motivating force in the mass murder, and the way in which his initiatives were accepted and internalized by the SS, on the basis of ideology.” — Holocaust and Genocide Studies “Chilling, expert history.” — Kirkus “[A]n eminently sensible and judicious study that could well serve as a textbook on the topic.” — The Historian “Breitman’s research [is] meticulous. Especially valuable are his novel insights into the full and frequent communication between Himmler and Hitler, who, it is known, seldom signed an order. Mr. Breitman presents his arguments cogently.” — Michael H. Kater, The New York Times “An absorbing, important book [that] addresses the sequence of steps leading to the Final Solution.” — Financial Times “As Breitman persuasively demonstrates, the situation kept changing, but Hitler was always in charge, and his goals always included ridding his empire of the Jews.” — Los Angeles Times “Breitman is on the hunt for smoking guns. He finds the goods littered throughout Himmler’s speeches and conversations... Breitman shows that people knew.” — Washington Post Book World “The book is chillingly good on the uses and abuses of language to mask atrocity.” — Newsday “Breitman’s study is an important addition to [the] literature [on the origins of the Nazi genocide], one that provides the most likely scenario and settles important disputed questions... Breitman’s study is a major step forward in our understanding of how the Nazis initiated mass murder.” — German Studies Review “[An] important book... I much admire this work, particularly for its resourceful combing of primary material... there is much to learn from this book about the Final Solution, its origins, its implementation, and its hate-inspired architect” — The American Historical Review

The Final Solution

The Final Solution
Author: Jason Bailey
Publsiher: Lulu.com
Total Pages: 381
Release: 2007-05-01
Genre: Fiction
ISBN: 1430320346

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Chicago is gone. In one day, a nuclear bomb levels the city and in one day, the American public demands nothing less than the toppling of every Islamic government in the Middle East. The fury of the American war machine is unleashed and one after another the Muslim countries fall. The terrorists are beaten, and they know it. Their desperation forces them to grapple at any possible way to survive. Half a world away, a New Jersey company has secretly perfected a time machine. But the secret leaks out and the terrorists begin to formulate a new plan...a plan to kill America before it ever becomes a superpower.

Hitler the Germans and the Final Solution

Hitler  the Germans  and the Final Solution
Author: Ian Kershaw
Publsiher: Yale University Press
Total Pages: 401
Release: 2008-05-28
Genre: History
ISBN: 0300148232

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This volume presents a comprehensive, multifaceted picture both of the destructive dynamic of the Nazi leadership and of the attitudes and behavior of ordinary Germans as the persecution of the Jews spiraled into total genocide.

Nazi Europe and the Final Solution

Nazi Europe and the Final Solution
Author: David Bankier
Publsiher: Berghahn Books
Total Pages: 580
Release: 2009
Genre: Europe
ISBN: 9781845454104

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In recent years scholars and researchers have turned their attention to the attitudes of ordinary men [and women]A during the period of the persecution of the Jews in occupied Europe. This comprehensive work addresses the disturbing question of how people reacted when their neighbours were ostracized, humiliated, deported and later murdered.

The Wannsee Conference and the Final Solution

The Wannsee Conference and the Final Solution
Author: Mark Roseman
Publsiher: Macmillan
Total Pages: 228
Release: 2003-07
Genre: History
ISBN: 9780312422349

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In early 1947, American officials in Germany stumbled across a document. Headed "Secret Reich matter," it summarized the results of a meeting of top Nazi officials that took place on January 20, 1942, in a grand villa on the shore of Berlin's Lake Wannsee.

The Germans and the Final Solution

The Germans and the Final Solution
Author: David Bankier
Publsiher: Wiley-Blackwell
Total Pages: 216
Release: 1996-06-03
Genre: Religion
ISBN: 9780631201007

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The Germans and the Final Solution stand as the fullest assessment to date of the attitudes of the German public to the Nazi policy of antisemitism and its genocidal conclusion. David Bankier's pathbreaking work will be widely read by scholars and students of contemporary European Jewish history and the history of Nazi Germany.

The Villa The Lake The Meeting

The Villa  The Lake  The Meeting
Author: Mark Roseman
Publsiher: Penguin UK
Total Pages: 230
Release: 2003-01-09
Genre: History
ISBN: 0141003952

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This text recounts the events of the meeting in January 1942 at which Reinhard Heydrich created the plan that would let Europe 'be combed through from East to West' for Jews.

The Wannsee Conference in the Development of the final Solution

The Wannsee Conference in the Development of the  final Solution
Author: Peter Longerich
Publsiher:
Total Pages: 29
Release: 2000
Genre: Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
ISBN: 9780951616659

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The Final Solution

The Final Solution
Author: Gerald Reitlinger
Publsiher:
Total Pages: 642
Release: 1961
Genre: Germany
ISBN:

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The Origins of the Final Solution

The Origins of the Final Solution
Author: Christopher Browning
Publsiher: Random House
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2014-12-04
Genre: History
ISBN: 1448165865

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The Origins of the Final Solution is the most detailed, careful, and comprehensive analysis to date of the descent of the Nazi persecution of the Jews into mass murder: the Holocaust. Arguing that genocide was not a preconceived plan but rather a discovered possibility, Christopher Browning explains how Hitler's decision to murder the Jews en masse emerged in stages and by a process of elimination that gradually foreclosed plans for their expulsion from Europe. Only in the interval between late September and late October 1941 did the desire to "remove" the Jews intersect with the discovery of acceptable means of killing them on a large scale and with the euphoria of expected victory in Russia, all of which followed on from two years of 'race war' and 'racial imperialism' in eastern Europe that prepared 'ordinary Germans' for this fateful task.