Human Nature After Darwin

Human Nature After Darwin
Author: Janet Radcliffe Richards
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2005-07-05
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 1134615825

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Human Nature After Darwin is an original investigation of the implications of Darwinism for our understanding of ourselves and our situation. It casts new light on current Darwinian controversies, also providing an introduction to philosophical reasoning and a range of philosophical problems. Janet Radcliffe Richards claims that many current battles about Darwinism are based on mistaken assumptions about the implications of the rival views. Her analysis of these implications provides a much-needed guide to the fundamentals of Darwinism and the so-called Darwin wars, as well as providing a set of philosophical techniques relevant to wide areas of moral and political debate. The lucid presentation makes the book an ideal introduction to both philosophy and Darwinism as well as a substantive contribution to topics of intense current controversy. It will be of interest to students of philosophy, science and the social sciences, and critical thinking.

Human nature after Darwin

Human nature after Darwin
Author: Janet Radcliffe Richards
Publsiher:
Total Pages: 351
Release: 1999
Genre: Human evolution
ISBN: 9780749287535

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Human Nature After Darwin

Human Nature After Darwin
Author: Janet Radcliffe Richards
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2000
Genre: Anthropology
ISBN: 9780415212441

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A clear introduction to the implications of the Darwinian revolution for our understanding of human nature. Fosters skills in thinking about human nature and critical discussion of Darwin's arguments and those of his key commentators.

In Search of Human Nature

In Search of Human Nature
Author: Carl N. Degler
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 416
Release: 1992-11-05
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0199729018

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Winner of the Pulitzer Prize in History in 1972, and a past president of both the Organization of American Historians and the American Historical Association, Carl Degler is one of America's most eminent living historians. He is also one of the most versatile. In a forty year career, he has written brilliantly on race (Neither Black Nor White, which won the Pulitzer Prize), women's studies (At Odds, which Betty Friedan called "a stunning book"), Southern history (The Other South), the New Deal, and many other subjects. Now, in The Search for Human Nature, Degler turns to perhaps his largest subject yet, a sweeping history of the impact of Darwinism (and biological research) on our understanding of human nature, providing a fascinating overview of the social sciences in the last one hundred years. The idea of a biological root to human nature was almost universally accepted at the turn of the century, Degler points out, then all but vanished from social thought only to reappear in the last four decades. Degler traces the early history of this idea, from Darwin's argument that our moral and emotional life evolved from animals just as our human shape did, to William James's emphasis on instinct in human behavior (then seen as a fundamental insight of psychology). We also see the many applications of biology, from racism, sexism, and Social Darwinism to the rise of intelligence testing, the eugenics movement, and the practice of involuntary sterilization of criminals (a public policy pioneered in America, which had sterilization laws 25 years before Nazi Germany--one such law was upheld by Oliver Wendell Holmes's Supreme Court). Degler then examines the work of those who denied any role for biology, who thought culture shaped human nature, a group ranging from Franz Boas, Ruth Benedict, and Margaret Mead, to John B. Watson and B.F. Skinner. Equally important, he examines the forces behind this fundamental shift in a scientific paradigm, arguing that ideological reasons--especially the struggle against racism and sexism in America--led to this change in scientific thinking. Finally, Degler considers the revival of Darwinism without the Social Darwinism, racism, and sexism, led first by ethologists such as Karl von Frisch, Nikolaas Tinbergen, Konrad Lorenz, and Jane Goodall--who revealed clear parallels between animal and human behavior--and followed in varying degrees by such figures as Melvin Konner, Alice Rossi, Jerome Kagen, and Edward O. Wilson as well as others in anthropology, political science, sociology, and economics. What kind of animal is Homo sapiens and how did we come to be this way? In this wide ranging history, Carl Degler traces our attempts over the last century to answer these questions. In doing so, he has produced a volume that will fascinate anyone curious about the nature of human beings.

Philosophy After Darwin

Philosophy After Darwin
Author: Michael Ruse
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 593
Release: 2009
Genre: Ethics
ISBN: 0691135533

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An anthology of essential writings that cover some of the most influential ideas about the philosophical implications of Darwinism, since the publication of "On the Origin of Species".

Darwinian Natural Right

Darwinian Natural Right
Author: Larry Arnhart
Publsiher: SUNY Press
Total Pages: 356
Release: 1998-04-02
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780791436943

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This book shows how Darwinian biology supports an Aristotelian view of ethics as rooted in human nature. Defending a conception of “Darwinian natural right” based on the claim that the good is the desirable, the author argues that there are at least twenty natural desires that are universal to all human societies because they are based in human biology. The satisfaction of these natural desires constitutes a universal standard for judging social practice as either fulfilling or frustrating human nature, although prudence is required in judging what is best for particular circumstances. The author studies the familial bonding of parents and children and the conjugal bonding of men and women as illustrating social behavior that conforms to Darwinian natural right. He also studies slavery and psychopathy as illustrating social behavior that contradicts Darwinian natural right. He argues as well that the natural moral sense does not require religious belief, although such belief can sometimes reinforce the dictates of nature.

At Home in the World

At Home in the World
Author: Eilon Schwartz
Publsiher: State University of New York Press
Total Pages: 233
Release: 2010-07-02
Genre: Education
ISBN: 1438426429

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Explores how Darwin’s theory of human nature can inform educational philosophy.

Nature Human Nature and Society

Nature  Human Nature  and Society
Author: Paul Heyer
Publsiher: Praeger
Total Pages: 296
Release: 1982
Genre: Anthropologie - Philosophie
ISBN:

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Evolution and Human Behavior

Evolution and Human Behavior
Author: John Cartwright
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 406
Release: 2000
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9780262531702

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The book covers fundamental issues such as the origins and function of sexual reproduction, mating behavior, human mate choice, patterns of violence in families, altruistic behavior, the evolution of brain size and the origins of language, the modular mind, and the relationship between genes and culture.

Apes Or Angels

Apes Or Angels
Author: Cornelius J. Troost
Publsiher: AuthorHouse
Total Pages: 246
Release: 2007-03
Genre: Religion
ISBN: 1425955215

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Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District civil lawsuit settled in favor of Kitzmiller.

Reading Human Nature

Reading Human Nature
Author: Joseph Carroll
Publsiher: State University of New York Press
Total Pages: 371
Release: 2011-03-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 143843524X

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Showcases the latest developments in literary Darwinism, a powerful approach that integrates evolutionary social science with literary humanism.

After Darwin

After Darwin
Author: Devin Griffiths
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 275
Release: 2022-12-15
Genre: Literary Criticism
ISBN: 1009184881

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Creative storytelling is the beating heart of Darwin's science. All of Darwin's writings drew on information gleaned from a worldwide network of scientific research and correspondence, but they hinge on moments in which Darwin asks his reader to imagine how specific patterns came to be over time, spinning yarns filled with protagonists and antagonists, crises, triumphs, and tragedies. His fictions also forged striking new possibilities for the interpretation of human societies and their relation to natural environments. This volume gathers an international roster of scholars to ask what Darwin's writing offers future of literary scholarship and critical theory, as well as allied fields like history, art history, philosophy, gender studies, disability studies, the history of race, aesthetics, and ethics. It speaks to anyone interested in the impact of Darwin on the humanities, including literary scholars, undergraduate and graduate students, and general readers interested in Darwin's continuing influence.

Evolutionary Economics and Human Nature

Evolutionary Economics and Human Nature
Author: John Laurent
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2003
Genre: Evolutionary economics
ISBN: 9781840649239

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Many of these works are placed in a Darwinian, evolutionary perspective, with the imperative that the study of human nature must be consistent with our understanding of human evolution, and should consider how human beings are moulded by cultural and institutional influences. Naturally, Darwin's own view of human nature is explored, undermining the mistaken notion that Darwinism promotes human nature as greedy, uncooperative and self-seeking.

Literary Darwinism

Literary Darwinism
Author: Joseph Carroll
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2004
Genre: Literary Criticism
ISBN: 9780415970143

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In Literary Darwinism , Carroll presents a comprehensive survey of this new movement with a collection of his most important previously published work, along with three new essays. The essays and reviews give commentary on all the major contributors to the field, situate the field as a whole in relation to historical trends and contemporary schools, provide Darwinist readings of major literary texts such as Pride and Prejudice and Tess of the d'Urbervilles , and analyze literary Darwinism in relation to the affiliated fields of evolutionary metaphysics, cognitive rhetoric, and ecocriticism. Collecting the essays in a single volume will provide a central point of reference for scholars interested in consulting what the "foremost practicioner" ( New York Times ) of Darwinian literary criticism has to say about his field.

On Human Nature

On Human Nature
Author: Edward O. Wilson
Publsiher: Harvard University Press
Total Pages: 285
Release: 2012-11
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0674076540

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In his new preface E. O. Wilson reflects on how he came to write this book: how The Insect Societies led him to write Sociobiology, and how the political and religious uproar that engulfed that book persuaded him to write another book that would better explain the relevance of biology to the understanding of human behavior.

Reading Genesis after Darwin

Reading Genesis after Darwin
Author: Stephen C Barton
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages:
Release: 2009-11-11
Genre: Religion
ISBN: 0199726132

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Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species has changed the landscape of religious thought in many ways. There is a widespread assumption that before Darwin, all Christians believed that the world was created some 6,000 years ago over a period of 6 days. After Darwin, the first chapters of Genesis were either rejected totally by skeptics or defended vehemently in scientific creationism. This book tells a very different story. Bringing together contributions from biblical scholars, historians and contemporary theologians, it is demonstrated that both Jewish and Christian scholars read Genesis in a non-literal way long before Darwin. Even during the nineteenth century, there was a wide range of responses from religious believers towards evolution, many of them very positive. Stephen C. Barton and David Wilkinson argue that being receptive to the continuing relevance of Genesis today regarding questions of gender, cosmology, and the environment is a lively option.

Literature After Darwin

Literature After Darwin
Author: V. Richter
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 257
Release: 2010-12-14
Genre: Literary Criticism
ISBN: 0230300448

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What makes us human? Where is the limit between human and animal? These are questions that haunt post-Darwinian literature. Covering fiction from Kipling to Kafka, this study offers a historically embedded analysis of anthropological anxiety in the period between the publication of the Origin of Species and the beginning of the Second World War.