Hitler and the Final Solution

Hitler and the Final Solution
Author: Gerald Fleming
Publsiher: Univ of California Press
Total Pages: 300
Release: 1987-02-11
Genre: History
ISBN: 9780520060227

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Pp. vii-xxxiii contain Friedländer's introduction, which did not appear in the original German edition.

Hitler the Germans and the Final Solution

Hitler  the Germans  and the Final Solution
Author: Ian Kershaw
Publsiher: Yale University Press
Total Pages: 401
Release: 2008-05-28
Genre: History
ISBN: 0300148232

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This volume presents a comprehensive, multifaceted picture both of the destructive dynamic of the Nazi leadership and of the attitudes and behavior of ordinary Germans as the persecution of the Jews spiraled into total genocide.

The Unwritten Order

The Unwritten Order
Author: Peter Longerich
Publsiher: Tempus Publishing, Limited
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2003
Genre: Antisemitism

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The definitive study of Hitler's role in the greatest act of genocide of the twentieth century. The Holocaust differs from other genocides in recent history for one main reason: there is no other example in which a minority was annihilated systematically and as completely as possible on the orders of a head of state and through the apparatus of government. To reconstruct Hitler's central role in the Final Solution represents a particular challenge. Hitler treated the murder of the Jews as a matter of the utmost secrecy and was careful wherever possible not to leave behind any written orders. Wherever his instructions on this matter are recorded he has used codified language. He kept away from the implementation of the orders and feigned ignorance, even to his closest friends and colleagues. Under these conditions, the surviving source material can only be described as fragmentary. The aim of the book is to offer documentary proof of Hitler's central role in the murder of the European Jews. In order to achieve this aim, various documents and fragments of documents have been pieced together and the codified language of the dictator deciphered.

Wannsee House and the Holocaust

Wannsee House and the Holocaust
Author: Steven Lehrer
Publsiher: McFarland
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2015-07-11
Genre: History
ISBN: 0786491442

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Although Hitler's extermination of the Jews was well underway by the end of 1941, it was at the Wannsee Conference of January 1942 that Reinhard Heydrich officially announced the Nazi's infamous "final solution." This conference was held at a luxurious villa, and both house and conference have a fascinating history. This book traces that history from 1914--the year that saw the foundations laid for both the house and the Holocaust--to the present. Appendices provide a wealth of historical documents.

The Architect of Genocide Himmler and the Final Solution

The Architect of Genocide  Himmler and the Final Solution
Author: Richard Breitman
Publsiher: Plunkett Lake Press
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2022-09-05
Genre: History

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“[A] historian’s carefully researched work, based on a vast array of sources, documenting Hitler’s and Himmler’s responsibility for the murder of European Jewry. The book details the planning and the improvisations, but emphasizes the former and Himmler’s fanatical hatred of the Jewish race as the determinative cause of the Holocaust. Dealing with a charged controversy, Breitman makes a powerful case that by March 1941 ‘the Final Solution was just a matter of time — and timing,’ i.e., that the Holocaust was not a reflex of Hitler’s fear that the war in Russia could not be won. Breitman argues that the Wannsee Conference merely ratified the plans and instructed other agencies to cooperate. Breitman records the instances of resistance or opposition, but notes that of course the cooperation of thousands (many still alive and never tried) and the complicity or silence of millions were needed to carry out the murder... the book concludes that Himmler’s ‘brutality was more learned than instinctive or emotional’ — a methodical murderer impelled by racist dogma.” — Foreign Affairs “Breitman’s book is decisively important... [It] should serve for years to come as required reading for all who wish to make sense of the Holocaust.” — Daniel Jonah Goldhagen, The New Republic “Looking nothing like the Nordic ideal he advocated, Heinrich Himmler, chief of the Nazi SS, was short, flabby and balding — his dull, pedantic exterior disguising the caustic, cowardly, Machiavellian, immensely cruel master of deceit within. Breitman... presents compelling evidence that the extermination of Jews was an early goal of Himmler, a Bavarian and lapsed Catholic, and his boss Adolf Hitler. Drawing on previously untapped German records, as well as other source materials... this engrossing, detailed study constitutes a powerful refutation of revisionist scholars who claim that Hitler did not plan the Final Solution in advance but instead improvised it out of either military or political frustration.” — Publishers Weekly “A truly path-breaking book, one of the few that will have a lasting impact on historical research of the period. It shows both the primacy of Hitler as the motivating force in the mass murder, and the way in which his initiatives were accepted and internalized by the SS, on the basis of ideology.” — Holocaust and Genocide Studies “Chilling, expert history.” — Kirkus “[A]n eminently sensible and judicious study that could well serve as a textbook on the topic.” — The Historian “Breitman’s research [is] meticulous. Especially valuable are his novel insights into the full and frequent communication between Himmler and Hitler, who, it is known, seldom signed an order. Mr. Breitman presents his arguments cogently.” — Michael H. Kater, The New York Times “An absorbing, important book [that] addresses the sequence of steps leading to the Final Solution.” — Financial Times “As Breitman persuasively demonstrates, the situation kept changing, but Hitler was always in charge, and his goals always included ridding his empire of the Jews.” — Los Angeles Times “Breitman is on the hunt for smoking guns. He finds the goods littered throughout Himmler’s speeches and conversations... Breitman shows that people knew.” — Washington Post Book World “The book is chillingly good on the uses and abuses of language to mask atrocity.” — Newsday “Breitman’s study is an important addition to [the] literature [on the origins of the Nazi genocide], one that provides the most likely scenario and settles important disputed questions... Breitman’s study is a major step forward in our understanding of how the Nazis initiated mass murder.” — German Studies Review “[An] important book... I much admire this work, particularly for its resourceful combing of primary material... there is much to learn from this book about the Final Solution, its origins, its implementation, and its hate-inspired architect” — The American Historical Review

Hitler and Nazi Germany

Hitler and Nazi Germany
Author: Jackson J. Spielvogel
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2016-09-16
Genre: History
ISBN: 1315509156

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This text is based on current research findings and is written for students and general readers who want a deeper understanding of this period in German history. It provides a balanced approach in examining Hitler's role in the history of the Third Reich and includes coverage of the economic, social, and political forces that made the rise and growth of Nazism possible; the institutional, cultural, and social life of the Third Reich; the Second World War; and the Holocaust.

The Origins of the Final Solution

The Origins of the Final Solution
Author: Christopher Browning
Publsiher: Random House
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2014-12-04
Genre: History
ISBN: 1448165865

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The Origins of the Final Solution is the most detailed, careful, and comprehensive analysis to date of the descent of the Nazi persecution of the Jews into mass murder: the Holocaust. Arguing that genocide was not a preconceived plan but rather a discovered possibility, Christopher Browning explains how Hitler's decision to murder the Jews en masse emerged in stages and by a process of elimination that gradually foreclosed plans for their expulsion from Europe. Only in the interval between late September and late October 1941 did the desire to "remove" the Jews intersect with the discovery of acceptable means of killing them on a large scale and with the euphoria of expected victory in Russia, all of which followed on from two years of 'race war' and 'racial imperialism' in eastern Europe that prepared 'ordinary Germans' for this fateful task.

Hitler s Shadow War

Hitler s Shadow War
Author: Donald M. McKale
Publsiher: Taylor Trade Publishing
Total Pages: 588
Release: 2006-03-17
Genre: History
ISBN: 1461635470

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In Hitler's Shadow War, World War II scholar Donald M. McKale contends that the persecution and murder of the Jews, Slavs, and other groups was Hitler's primary effort during the war, not the conquest of Europe. According to McKale, Hitler and the Nazi leadership used the military campaigns of the war as a cover for a genocidal program that centered on the Final Solution. Hitler continued to commit extensive manpower and materials to this "shadow war" even when Germany was losing the battles of the war's closing years.

Holocaust Heroes

Holocaust Heroes
Author: Mark Felton
Publsiher: Pen and Sword
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2016-09-19
Genre: History
ISBN: 1473881846

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This inspiring book examines the often incredible and nearly always tragic examples of Jewish resistance in ghettos and concentration camps during the Nazis ‘Final Solution. It shows that the Warsaw Uprising in Poland during April to May 1944 was not the only occasion of defiant opposition. Throughout the Nazis extermination programme Jews and other prisoners fought back against their murderers, often with stunning results. The Germans were nearly always taken by surprise by the sudden emergence of armed Jewish resistance and often paid dearly. This happened in ghettos and concentration campos (including Treblinka, Auschwitz, Syrels and Sobibor) throughout Poland and the Ukraine. Some Jews tried to stop the machinery of the Holocaust by rising up and destroying the gas chambers while others bravely tried to take over an extermination camp and escape en masse. In virtually every case the brave men and women who volunteered to fight back paid with their lives. Importantly these men and women are not just portrayed as victims but also as brave and resourceful fighters and resisters against their tragic fate. These are stories that are uplifting, inspiring and often profoundly moving.

Anti Semitism and The Final Solution

Anti Semitism and The  Final Solution
Author: Ann Byers
Publsiher: Enslow Publishing, LLC
Total Pages: 98
Release: 2014-07-01
Genre: Juvenile Nonfiction
ISBN: 0766061922

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Fanatical anti-Semitism and the persecution of Jews ended in the Holocaust's horrific legacy, the murder of nearly 6 million Jews. Author Ann Byers analyzes the factors that led to the persecution of Jews, as well as the rise and fall of Hitler's Third Reich.

Hitler s Holocaust

Hitler s Holocaust
Author: Guido Knopp
Publsiher: The History Press
Total Pages: 397
Release: 2011-08-26
Genre: History
ISBN: 0752469371

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No crime in the twentieth century has so deeply shocked mankind as the Holocaust. And none has so stubbornly resisted every attempt to explain it. More than six million people were murdered, and countless more endured horrific suffering. Guido Knopp's disturbing account is the most complete history of the Holocaust to date. It reveals the appalling truth using the most recent historical research, including minutes of daily briefings by Joseph Goebbels, private papers of the SS Einsatzgruppen in charge of mass murder, and East German State Security documents detailing the deportation of Jews. The book relives the agony of the victims and investigates the motives of the perpetrators. Survivors talk for the first time about their horrifying torture and their eventual escape from Nazi persecution. The persecutors now at last confront the atrocities they committed. This is not an attempt to rewrite the history of the Holocaust, but a searing account of the greatest crime of the twentieth century - if not of all time - using the latest research on the subject.


Author: Peter Longerich
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 185
Release: 2022-01-03
Genre: History
ISBN: 0198834047

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"On 20 January 1942, fifteen high-ranking Nazi Party, government, and SS officials arrived for a meeting in a luxurious villa on the shores of the Wannsee, a lake on the western outskirts of Berlin. The elegance and grandeur of the villa, with its exquisite lakeside position and opulent interiors, stood in stark contrast, however, to the purpose of that meeting: to discuss the implementation of the 'final solution to the Jewish question'." -- Inside front book jacket flap.

Telling Lies about Hitler

Telling Lies about Hitler
Author: Richard J. Evans
Publsiher: Verso
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2002
Genre: Holocaust denial
ISBN: 9781859844175

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Richard J. Evans worked on the historical evidence on behalf of the defence during the Irving libel trial. In Telling Lies about Hitler, the author discusses the importance of historical writing and the social role of historians in such trials.

Why Did the Heavens Not Darken

Why Did the Heavens Not Darken
Author: Arno J. Mayer
Publsiher: Pantheon
Total Pages: 532
Release: 1990
Genre: Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
ISBN: 9780679728993

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This highly acclaimed book presents a radically new view of the origins of the Holocaust. Mayer argues that the slaughter of the Jews was not part of Hitler's plan from the start, but came about only when the Nazis' massive campaign aagainst Russia foundered. Illustrated.

Hitler and the Nazi State

Hitler and the Nazi State
Author: Martin Collier
Publsiher: Heinemann
Total Pages: 196
Release: 2005
Genre: Germany
ISBN: 9780435327095

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A comprehensive resource that helps candidates tackle the intricacies of the relationship between Hitler and his lieutenants and the power structure of the Nazi state. This book has been written for Edexcel and with the right level of depth for A2. contains thorough and up-to-date exam preparation, including practice questions, advice on what makes a good answer and help for students on how to interpret the questions and plan essays. is written by an expert author team who have a wide experience of teaching and examining A-level History and focus on exactly what students need to know and how to prepare for the exam.


Author: Omer Bartov
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 322
Release: 2000
Genre: Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
ISBN: 9780415150361

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Presenting a critical study of the Holocaust with a summary of the state of the field, this book contains major reinterpretations by Holocaust authors along with key texts on testimony, memory and justice after the catastrophe.

Nazi Ideology and the Holocaust

Nazi Ideology and the Holocaust
Total Pages: 180
Release: 2007
Genre: Genocide

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A popularly written and illustrated history of the Holocaust. Deals with all of the victims of the Nazis' genocidal campaign: communists, Jehovah's Witnesses, homosexuals, Poles and other Slavs, and Soviet POWs, as well as the "racial enemies" - Afro-Germans, the mentally and physically disabled, Gypsies, and Jews. Jews were regarded by the Nazis as the foremost "racial enemy". Pp. 110-156, "The Holocaust", deal specifically with the destruction of the Jews - from the first Nazi anti-Jewish measures in Germany, through the "Kristallnacht" pogrom and murders of Jews in Poland and the USSR, to the total mass murder in the death camps.