Attention and Performance XVII

Attention and Performance XVII
Author: Daniel Gopher
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 842
Release: 1999
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9780262071888

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In 1966 the first meeting of the Association for the Study of Attention and Performance was held in the Netherlands to promote the emerging science of cognitive psychology. This volume is based on the most recent conference, held in Israel thirty years later. The focus of the conference was the interaction between theory and application. The organizers chose the specific topic, cognitive regulation of performance, because it is an area where contemporary theories of cognitive processes meet the everyday challenges posed by human interactions with complex systems. Present-day technological systems impose on the operator a variety of supervisory functions, such as input and output monitoring, allocation of cognitive resources, choice of strategies, and regulation of cognitive operations. A challenge for engineers and designers is to accommodate the cognitive requirements called for by these systems. The book is divided into four sections: the presentation and representation of information, cognitive regulation of acquisition and performance, consciousness and behavior, and special populations: aging and neurological disorders. Contributors Nicole D. Anderson, Moshe Bar, Lynn Bardell, Alice E. Barnes, Irving Biederman, Robert A. Bjork, Richard A. Block, Fergus I. M. Craik, Heiner Deubel, John Dunlosky, Ido Erev, Ronald Fisher, John M. Flach, Barry Goettl, Morris Goldsmith, Daniel Gopher, Lynn Hasher, Okihide Hikosaka, Larry L. Jacoby, Peter Kalocsai, Colleen Kelley, David E. Kieras, Roberta Klatzky, Asher Koriat, Arthur F. Kramer, Elisabetta Ladavas, John L. Larish, Susan J. Lederman, John Long, Cynthia P. May, Guiliana Mazzoni, Brian McElree, David Meyer, Satoru Miyauchi, Neville Moray, Louis Narens, Thomas O. Nelson, Raymond S. Nickerson, Lynne Reder, J. Wesley Regian, Ian Robertson, Wolfgang Schneider, Christian D. Schunn, Wayne Shebilske, Shinsuke Shimojo, Suresh Subramaniam, Tom N. Trainham, Jehoshua Tsal, Timothy A. Weber, Christopher Wickens, Rose T. Zacks, Dan Zakay

Sensorimotor Foundations of Higher Cognition

Sensorimotor Foundations of Higher Cognition
Author: Patrick Haggard
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 683
Release: 2008
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9780199231447

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With state-of-the-art chapters, from world leading psychologists, this title uses a series of specific cognitive domains to examine the sensorimotor bases of human cognition.

Progress in Psychological Science Around the World Volume 2 Social and Applied Issues

Progress in Psychological Science Around the World  Volume 2  Social and Applied Issues
Author: Qicheng Jing
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2019-05-23
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 1317740742

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Progress in Psychological Science around the World, Volumes 1 and 2, present the main contributions from the 28th International Congress of Psychology, held in Beijing in 2004. These expert contributions include the Nobel laureate address, the Presidential address, and the Keynote and State-of-the-Art lectures. They are written by international leaders in psychology from 25 countries and regions around the world. The authors present a variety of approaches and perspectives that reflect cutting-edge advances in psychological science. This second volume builds on the coverage of neural, cognitive, and developmental issues from the first volume, to address social and applied issues in modern psychology. The topics covered include: educational psychology and measurement, health psychology, and social and cultural psychology. Organizational, applied, and international psychology are also discussed. Progress in Psychological Science around the World, with its broad coverage of psychological research and practice, and its highly select group of world renowned authors, will be invaluable for researchers, professionals, teachers, and students in the field of psychology.

Neurobiology of Attention

Neurobiology of Attention
Author: Laurent Itti
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 744
Release: 2005-03-31
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0080454313

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A key property of neural processing in higher mammals is the ability to focus resources by selectively directing attention to relevant perceptions, thoughts or actions. Research into attention has grown rapidly over the past two decades, as new techniques have become available to study higher brain function in humans, non-human primates, and other mammals. Neurobiology of Attention is the first encyclopedic volume to summarize the latest developments in attention research. An authoritative collection of over 100 chapters organized into thematic sections provides both broad coverage and access to focused, up-to-date research findings. This book presents a state-of-the-art multidisciplinary perspective on psychological, physiological and computational approaches to understanding the neurobiology of attention. Ideal for students, as a reference handbook or for rapid browsing, the book has a wide appeal to anybody interested in attention research. * Contains numerous quick-reference articles covering the breadth of investigation into the subject of attention * Provides extensive introductory commentary to orient and guide the reader * Includes the most recent research results in this field of study

Functional Neuroimaging of Visual Cognition

Functional Neuroimaging of Visual Cognition
Author: Nancy Kanwisher
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 594
Release: 2004
Genre: Brain

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The latest volume in the critically acclaimed and highly influential Attention and Performance series focuses on the role that functional neuroimaging plays in visual cognition. Functional neuroimaging has greatly enhanced our knowledge of the brain, and has been one of the most important tools in cognitive neuroscience. At the same time, the full power of neuroimaging can be realized only if there is convergence with theories based on other approaches includingcomputational modelling, behavioural experiments, and electrophysiology in the behaving animal. In this book, Nancy Kanwisher and John Duncan have brought together leading cognitive neuroscientists to present groundbreaking new research on the neural bases of vision. The first part of the book considers the degree to which visual processing in the brain is modular, including contributions from both sceptics and proponents of modularity. Part 2 focuses on object recognition, in particular the role of the ventral visual pathway. In part 3, the mechanisms ofvisual attention are discussed. The final part of the book explores the relationship between vision and action, with a look at the neurophysiology of sensorimotor integration. In additional chapters, Giacomo Rizzolatti discusses research on mirror neurons and their implications for understanding the actions and intentions of others, while Michael Posner considers what we have achieved so far with neuroimaging, and looks to the future and the next steps in our quest tounderstand brain function. Superbly edited and full of stunning colour images, this will be one of the key publications in the field of cognitive neuroscience.

Handbook of the Psychology of Aging

Handbook of the Psychology of Aging
Author: James E. Birren
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 714
Release: 2001-08-02
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780121012632

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The Handbook of the Psychology of Aging has become the definitive reference source for information on the psychology of adult development and aging. The Fifth Edition provides comprehensive reviews of research on biological and social influences on behavior and age-related changes in psychological function. In addition to covering environmental influences on behavior and aging and gender differences in aging, new chapters in the Fifth Edition discuss wisdom, creativity, and technological change and the older worker. This handbook is an essential reference for researchers in adult development and gerontology and suitable as an advanced textbook for courses on the psychology of aging.

Cognition and Acquired Language Disorders E Book

Cognition and Acquired Language Disorders   E Book
Author: Richard K. Peach
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2012-05-14
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0323087175

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This new graduate level textbook, Cognition and Acquired Language Disorders: An Information Processing Approach, addresses the cognitive aspects of language and communication. It assembles the most recent information on this topic, addressing normal cognitive processing for language in adults, the cognitive impairments underlying language disorders arising from a variety of neurologic conditions, and current assessment and treatment strategies for the management of these disorders. The text is organized using an information processing approach to acquired language disorders, and thus can be set apart from texts that rely upon a more traditional, syndrome-based approach (e.g., stroke, dementia, and traumatic brain injury). This approach facilitates the description and treatment of acquired language disorders across many neurologic groups when particular cognitive deficits are identified. Other useful features of the text include assessment and treatment protocols that are based on current evidence. These protocols provide students and clinicians a ready clinical resource for managing language disorders due to deficits in attention, memory, linguistic operations, and executive functions. Unique process-oriented approach organizes content by cognitive processes instead of by syndromes so you can apply the information and treatment approaches to any one of many neurologic groups with the same cognitive deficit. Cognitive domains are described as they relate to communication rather than separated as they are in many other publications where they are treated as independent behaviors. A separate section on normal processing includes five chapters providing a strong foundation for understanding the factors that contribute to disordered communication and its management. The evidence-based approach promotes best practices for the most effective management of patients with cognitive-communication disorders. Coverage of the cognitive aspects of communication helps you meet the standards for certification in speech-language pathology. A strong author team includes two lead authors who are well known and highly respected in the academic community, along with expert contributors, ensuring a comprehensive, advanced clinical text/reference.

Psychology of Time

Psychology of Time
Author: Simon Grondin
Publsiher: Emerald Group Publishing
Total Pages: 452
Release: 2008-11-03
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 0080469779

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Developments in the field of timing and time perception have multiplied the number of relevant questions regarding psychological time, and helped to provide answers and open many avenues of thought. This book brings together presentations of many of the main ideas, findings, hypotheses and theories that experimental psychology offers to the field.

Is Conflict Adaptation an Illusion

Is Conflict Adaptation an Illusion
Author: James R Schmidt
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 165
Release: 2015-05-20
Genre: Electronic book
ISBN: 2889194957

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Conflict adaptation theory is one of the most popular theories in cognitive psychology. The theory argues that participants strategically modulate attention away from distracting stimulus features in response to conflict. Although results with proportion congruent, sequential congruency, and similar paradigms seem consistent with the conflict adaptation view, some researchers have expressed scepticism. The paradigms used in the study of conflict adaptation require the manipulation of stimulus frequencies, sequential dependencies, time-on-task regularities, and various other task regularities that introduce the potential for learning of conflict-unrelated information. This results in the unintentional confounding of measures of conflict adaptation with simpler learning and memory biases. There are also alternative accounts which propose that attentional adaptation does occur, but via different mechanisms, such as valence, expectancy, or effort. A significant (and often heated) debate remains surrounding the question of whether conflict adaptation exists independent of these alternative mechanisms of action. The aim of this Research Topic is to provide a forum for current directions in this area, considering perspectives from all sides of the debate.

The Handbook of Aging and Cognition

The Handbook of Aging and Cognition
Author: Fergus I.M. Craik
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 663
Release: 2011-03-15
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 1136872140

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Cognitive aging is a flourishing area of research. A significant amount of new data, a number of new theoretical notions, and many new research issues have been generated in the past ten years. This new edition reviews new findings and theories, enables the reader to assess where the field is today, and evaluates its points of growth. The chapters are organized to run from reviews of current work on neuroimaging, neuropsychology, genetics and the concept of brain reserve, through the 'mainstream' topics of attention, memory, knowledge and language, to a consideration of individual differences and of cognitive aging in a lifespan context. This edition continues to feature the broad range of its predecessors, while also providing critical assessments of current theories and findings.

Information and Living Systems

Information and Living Systems
Author: George Terzis
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 459
Release: 2011-04-15
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 026229513X

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The informational nature of biological organization, at levels from the genetic and epigenetic to the cognitive and linguistic. Information shapes biological organization in fundamental ways and at every organizational level. Because organisms use information—including DNA codes, gene expression, and chemical signaling—to construct, maintain, repair, and replicate themselves, it would seem only natural to use information-related ideas in our attempts to understand the general nature of living systems, the causality by which they operate, the difference between living and inanimate matter, and the emergence, in some biological species, of cognition, emotion, and language. And yet philosophers and scientists have been slow to do so. This volume fills that gap. Information and Living Systems offers a collection of original chapters in which scientists and philosophers discuss the informational nature of biological organization at levels ranging from the genetic to the cognitive and linguistic. The chapters examine not only familiar information-related ideas intrinsic to the biological sciences but also broader information-theoretic perspectives used to interpret their significance. The contributors represent a range of disciplines, including anthropology, biology, chemistry, cognitive science, information theory, philosophy, psychology, and systems theory, thus demonstrating the deeply interdisciplinary nature of the volume's bioinformational theme.

The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Science

The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Science
Author: Susan F. Chipman
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 393
Release: 2017
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
ISBN: 0199842191

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The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Science emphasizes the research and theory most central to modern cognitive science: computational theories of complex human cognition. Additional facets of cognitive science are discussed in the handbook's introductory chapter.

Brain Aging

Brain Aging
Author: David R. Riddle
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2007-04-19
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781420005523

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Recognition that aging is not the accumulation of disease, but rather comprises fundamental biological processes that are amenable to experimental study, is the basis for the recent growth of experimental biogerontology. As increasingly sophisticated studies provide greater understanding of what occurs in the aging brain and how these changes occur

Ageing and Executive Control

Ageing and Executive Control
Author: Ulrich Mayr
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 314
Release: 2001
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9781841699080

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Brings together well-known researchers in cognitive psychology and cogntive neuroscience who approach the question of executive control using a wide range of methods.

Perspectives on Human Memory and Cognitive Aging

Perspectives on Human Memory and Cognitive Aging
Author: Moshe Naveh-Benjamin
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 446
Release: 2013-04-15
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 1134949626

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Divided into four parts, the first section of this book deals with levels of processing and memory theory, the second addresses working memory and attention, the third deals with cognitive aging, and the last addresses neuroscience perspectives.

Principles and Practice of Aviation Psychology

Principles and Practice of Aviation Psychology
Author: Pamela S. Tsang
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 624
Release: 2002-08-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 1410606244

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Principles and Practice of Aviation Psychology is an important addition to the literature in aviation psychology. Covering the history of aviation to the actual pilot actions and tasks today, the editors have brought together a wonderful set of contributors who are leaders in this field. The text presents psychological principles and research perti

The Handbook of Second Language Acquisition

The Handbook of Second Language Acquisition
Author: Catherine J. Doughty
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 904
Release: 2008-04-15
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
ISBN: 1405151889

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The Handbook of Second Language Acquisition presents an integrated discussion of key, and sometimes controversial, issues in second language acquisition research. Discusses the biological and cognitive underpinnings of SLA, mechanisms, processes, and constraints on SLA, the level of ultimate attainment, research methods, and the status of SLA as a cognitive science. Includes contributions from twenty-seven of the world's leading scholars. Provides an invaluable resource for all students and scholars of human cognition, including those in linguistics, psychology, applied linguistics, ESL, foreign languages, and cognitive science.